Dongshan (東山) is the home of Taiwanese coffee and Taiwan's largest coffee production area. With its high position on the global bean belt, and 500 to 800m above sea level, close to the Tsengwen, Baihe and Wushantou Reservoirs (曾文、白河和烏山頭水庫), its soil quality, temperature and humidity are all perfect for growing coffee. This is what gives Dongshan coffee its own unique flavor, and it has repeatedly won awards in global coffee competitions; one of the best coffee varieties in the world.
The main production place is on Highway 175, hence the nickname "Coffee Road" or "175 Coffee Street". A large number of coffee shops line the sides of the road, each with its unique characteristics, and the coffee growers who live in the mountains also have their own distinct charm; travelers are drawn here from far and wide to try a cup of coffee poured by the grower.
In addition to tasting coffee, the citrus, plum and longan fruit growing along the side of the road mean that, in every season, there is a different fresh and sweet flavor. You can also see typical scenes of a busy farming season such as coffee beans being dried and the longan fruit being baked. The dried longan fruit produced in Dongshan is of particularly high quality, as remarked by master baker Wu Bao-chun.